Siamese cats get their name from their country of origin. Thailand used to be Siam. Do you remember the musical The King and I?
The first Siamese cat in the United States lived in the White House: This breed was not seen in the U.S. until the late nineteenth century. One of the first known owners of a Siamese cat was First Lady Lucy Hayes, wife of President Rutherford B. Hayes. She received the cat as a gift from a U.S. diplomat working in Thailand.
They Don't See Very Well In The Dark
Siamese cats have beautiful blue eyes because they have Albinism. If you ever looked at a kitten who just opened his eyes they are blue. The pigment develops in their eyes as they grow. But Siamese cats lack pigment so they all have blue or grey eyes. The lack of pigment also caused Siamese cats to have poor night vision.
In Siam, these cats were treated like royalty, so they never needed to hunt at night. They were cared for and pampered in temples. It was thought that they could carry the souls of the dead. So many of the royal family had them.
These cats are very chatty, extremely smart, and sociable. If left alone for long days they can also be very destructive and develop OCD behaviors. If you decide to get one and you are the kind of person who goes out a lot, you might want to get 2 so at least they will have company.